Lumbar Stenosis

Lumbar Stenosis

Treating Lumbar Stenosis entails an in-depth history, a comprehensive exam, and an evaluation of radiographs to formulate a safe and effective care plan.

Lumbar Stenosis is the narrowing of the lower portion of the spinal canal. The word lumbar refers to the lower portion of the spine. The word stenosis is defined as narrowing or stricture.

Although most cases of spinal stenosis occur for unknown reasons, the known causes of spinal stenosis are defects in the spine’s anatomy, damage to the facet joints that connect the vertebrae, and degeneration of tissue surrounding the spinal cord.

The narrowing of the spinal canal may result from abnormal bone growth, tissue growth, or the two in tandem. Over time, the space between the nerve roots, spinal cord and vertebrae decreases, putting pressure on the spinal nerves.

With age, the ligaments and bones that make up the spine grow thicker and become stiffer. The spinal canal gradually narrows, and the spinal cord is slowly compressed. The lack of space in the spinal column interferes with the spinal cord and impairs the body’s ability to function normally.

  • Common Causes:
    • Overgrowth of bone
    • Herniated disc
    • Thickened ligaments
    • Tumors
    • Spinal injury
  • Symptoms:
    • Stenosis causes a dull, aching pain in the lower back, legs, thighs, and buttocks when standing or walking
    • Symptoms usually get worse over time
    • Decrease in the ability to walk over time
    • Muscle stiffness, weakness or cramping
  • Treatments:
    • Physical exercise
    • Anti-inflammatory medications
    • Injections
    • Surgery
    • Physical Therapy