Herniated Disc

The treatment of a herniated disc requires a thorough neurological exam, a review of advanced imaging studies (such as MRIs), and a care plan tailored specifically for each patient.

The spinal column is made up of vertebrae stacked on top of each other in a particular order to support the body. The three parts of the spine are the cervical spine (neck area), lumbar spine (lower back area), or thoracic spine (chest area).

There are seven bones in the cervical spine, twelve in the thoracic spine, five in the lumbar spine and at the base there is the sacrum and the coccyx (or tailbone). These vertebrae are cushioned by discs which protect the bones by absorbing shocks from daily movements and physical activities.

The discs have two distinct parts – a soft, gelatinous inner portion and a tougher outer ring. Spinal injury or weakness can cause the inner portion of the disc to protrude through the outer ring. This condition is more commonly known as a slipped or herniated disc. Disc herniation can happen anywhere in the spine.

  • Common Causes:
    • Older in age
    • Overweight
    • Certain uncontrolled motions
      • Twisting
      • Turning
      • Lifting
    • Strain in the neck/back
  • Symptoms:
    • Muscle weakness
    • Muscle spasms
    • Overactive reflexes
    • Numbness in Extremities
    • Pins and needles
    • Stiff neck
  • Treatments:
    • Exercise program
    • Medications
    • Physical Therapy
    • Injections
    • Surgery for severe cases